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Colchester Archaeological Trust

CAT Report 161: summary

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A fieldwalking and trial-trenching evaluation at Abbotts Hall Farm, Great Wigborough, Essex: October 2001
by Brooks, H

Date report completed: 30/11/2001
Location: Great Wigborough, Essex
Map reference(s): TL970138, TL970137, TL971140, TL95701380, TL96041352, TL970137, TL970138, TL970137
File size: 6931 kb
Project type: Evaluation, Field-walking survey
Significance of the results: *
Keywords: Roman pottery, medieval, red hill, prehistoric pottery, flint, ceramic building materials, briquetage, settling tank

Summary. A fieldwalking evaluation of a 24 hectare area identified four significant clusters of finds: one concentration of Roman pottery (Roman site 1) and one of both Roman and medieval pottery (Roman site 2/medieval site 1). Two other clusters of Roman pottery, tile and briquetage were so closely grouped that they are probably parts of a single large archaeological site covering approximately 1 hectare (Roman site 3). Following the fieldwalking, the clusters were tested by trial-trenching in October 2001. Red earth was found in most of the trenches in Roman site 3. This helped to define the position of two red hills, one corresponding to a previously known red hill at TL 970 137, and a second, previously unknown red hill. Internal details in the red hills included clay-lined tanks, which are presumably examples of 'settling tanks' found on other red hill sites.