View all the report titles
View a summary of a chosen report
View the full report in PDF format of a chosen report
Search archive using keywords
Home Page

Colchester Archaeological Trust

CAT Report 273: summary

(Click on report title to view full report in PDF format)

Archaeological trial-trenching at Area S of the Garrison Urban Village, Colchester, Essex: May 2004
by Holloway, B
(with contributions from Benfield, S)

Date report completed: 08/08/2004
Location: Garrison, Colchester, Essex
Map reference(s): TL99782213, TL99972301,
File size: 2615 kb
Project type: Other
Significance of the results: * *
Keywords: Earthworks, Roman pottery, Berechurch Dyke, Iron Age, oppidum, Scheduled Ancient Monument

Summary. This is the archive report on archaeological trial-trenching at Area S of the planned urban village at the Garrison, Colchester, Essex to locate the exact position of Berechurch Dyke. The work was carried out in two stages as part of a programme of archaeological investigation of areas of alienated land, acquired by Taylor Woodrow for residential development. The fieldwork on Area S was necessitated by design requirements for the installation of a new service close to the estimated course of the Berechurch Dyke and the creation of a green 'corridor' in the development to preserve the surviving remains of Berechurch Dyke. The first stage of the investigation involved the excavation of three 50m x 0.5m trial-trenches. Two large ditches were observed in the three trenches; one was the ditch of Berechurch Dyke and the westerly ditch was thought to be also part of the dyke. Finds from the first stage of trial-trenching included a very small amount of Roman pottery and tile as well as a single sherd of prehistoric pottery from the westerly ditch. The second stage of the investigation consisted of the digging of two trial-trenches to investigate further the westerly ditch observed in the first stage of the work. Post-medieval finds from the sections cut across the feature in the second stage showed it to be post-medieval in date and therefore not part of the dyke.