View all the report titles
View a summary of a chosen report
View the full report in PDF format of a chosen report
Search archive using keywords
Home Page

Colchester Archaeological Trust

CAT Report 305: summary

(Click on report title to view full report in PDF format)

An archaeological evaluation and watching brief in the grounds of East Hill House and the Colchester bus station, Colchester, Essex: October 2004
by Crossan, C
(with contributions from Benfield, S; Brooks, H)

Date report completed: 31/01/2005
Location: Colchester town centre, Essex
Map reference(s): TM001251, TM0008825126, TM0010225119, TM0011825116, TM0011725145, TM0013225122, TM0012025173, TM0009525123, TM0014325153, TM0011725131, TM001251
File size: 364 kb
Project type: Evaluation, Watching brief
Significance of the results: *
Keywords: robber trench, metalled surface, Roman pottery, ceramic building materials, amphora, medieval, post-medieval

Summary. The site lies to the south of Colchester High Street and east of Queen Street, within the south-east corner of the Roman and medieval walled town. Nine small exploratory trenches were dug in the grounds of East Hill House. The aim of this work was to establish the depth of archaeologically sensitive deposits within the development footprint for a proposed civic arts building. Roman levels were found to lie at depths of between 15cm and 60cm, beneath soils which suggest that the trenched area was for the most part open ground from the end of the Roman period. The exposed Roman material consisted mainly of deposits containing destruction debris and included two probable robber trenches and a gravelled area. As an adjunct to the excavations, engineers' geotechnical sample holes in the trenched area and in the adjacent bus station to the east were observed and the strata noted as a result.