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Colchester Archaeological Trust

CAT Report 405: summary

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Stage 1b archaeological evaluation, Alienated Land Area B1a, Colchester Garrison, Colchester, Essex: January 2007
by Brooks, H; Holloway, B; Pooley, L
(with contributions from Benfield, S; Crummy, N)

Date report completed: 01/01/2007
Location: Garrison, Colchester, Essex
Map reference(s): TL599714224733 (centre)
File size: 3,993 kb
Project type: Evaluation
Significance of the results: *
Keywords: medieval, post-medieval, domestic, Roman settlement, painted wall-plaster, coins, medieval wall foundation, post-medieval foundation

Summary. Two evaluation trenches (totalling 82m by 1.8m) were located within Area B1a of the Colchester Garrison Alienated Land redevelopment site. In total, 22 archaeological features were identified: five Roman, one medieval, three late medieval/early postmedieval, nine early post-medieval, two modern, and two undated. The Roman features provide evidence for Roman domestic/settlement activity in the vicinity of the circus and the medieval features and finds (including a wall foundation) are probably associated with St John's abbey. The early post-medieval features consisted mainly of ditches and pits, but an interesting structural feature may represent a post-dissolution building recorded on Speed's map of 1610.