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Colchester Archaeological Trust

CAT Report 471: summary

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Archaeological evaluation by trial-trenching at A Barber & Son, 10 William's Walk, Colchester, Essex March 2008
by Ben Holloway
(with contributions from Stephen Benfield, Howard Brooks and Nina Crummy)

Date report completed: April 2008
Location: Colchester Borough
Map reference(s): TL99712535 (c)
File size: 388 kb
Project type: Evaluation
Significance of the results: *
Keywords: Theatre, Roman

Summary. An archaeological trial-trenching evaluation of a site in Insula 13 of the Roman town found modern strata and footings lying over a considerable depth of post-medieval soils. The highest significant archaeological horizons were Roman in date, and were found at depths ranging from 1.3m to 2.1m below present site level (ie the builder's yard surface). A quantity of Roman brick and tile and other building material in residual contexts in the post-medieval soils were the only indication found of a Roman building. A small area of compacted gravel is likely to represent the north-south Roman street between Insula 12 and Insula 13. Historic maps indicate that this was an area of gardens in the post-medieval period. That fact, combined with the gradual infilling of buildings over the 18th to 20th centuries, would explain the depths of soil and the modern footings observed here.