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Colchester Archaeological Trust

CAT Report 521: summary

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Archaeological investigations in Museum Street, Colchester, Essex June-July 1986 and January-June 2010
by Donald Shimmin

Date report completed: January 2001
Location: Museum Street, Colchester, Essex
Map reference(s): TL 9982 2524
File size: 9196 kb
Project type: Excavation
Significance of the results: **
Keywords: barbican, castle bailey, clay tobacco pipe, medieval, foundation, Roman, wall

Summary. A number of walls and foundations were uncovered during resurfacing work in Museum Street in 1986, including a large north-south Roman wall at the southern end of the street. Further north, a series of extensive medieval foundations probably formed part of a gate and an outer barbican at the main entrance into the castle bailey. Among the finds was a large collection of clay tobacco-pipe fragments including wasters and vitrified kiln debris from the bailey area.