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Colchester Archaeological Trust

CAT Report 1278: summary

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Archaeological evaluation at Kingswode Hoe School, 18 Sussex Road, Colchester, Essex CO3 3QJ: May 2018
by Laura Pooley
(with contributions from Stephen Benfield, Sarah Carter, Adam Tuffey)

Date report completed: June 2018
Map reference(s): TL 98324 25206
File size: kb
Project type: Evaluation
Significance of the results:

Summary. An archaeological evaluation by trial-trenching (one T-shaped trial-trench) was undertaken at Kingswode Hoe School, 18 Sussex Road, Colchester, Essex as part of a pre-planning application to construct a new school building. Kingwode Hoe School is located on the southwestern edge of the scheduled monument of Sheepen (no. 1002173), forming one of the major centres of the Late Iron Age and early Roman oppidum of Camulodunum. Previous archaeological work at the school identified the remains of the Sheepen Dyke with a parallel Roman trackway alongside.

Archaeological evaluation revealed 11 features of prehistoric, Late Iron Age/early Roman, Roman and modern date, and five undated features. Significant features included a ditch and pit probably associated with Late Iron Age/early Roman activity at Sheepen, and a large Roman quarry pit and two possible Roman inhumation burials.