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Colchester Archaeological Trust

CAT Report 1425: summary

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Archaeological evaluation at Rebow House, 58-62 Head Street, Colchester, Essex, CO1 1PB: April 2019
by Laura Pooley
(with contributions from Dr Matthew Loughton, Emma Holloway, Alec Wade, Ben Holloway, Sarah Carter)

Date report completed: June 2019
Location: Rebow House, 58-62 Head Street, Colchester, Essex, CO1 1PB
Map reference(s): TL 99438 25018
File size: kb
Project type: Evaluation
Significance of the results:

Summary. An archaeological evaluation (two test-pits) was carried out within a rear extension to Rebow House, Colchester, Essex in advance of the demolition of this extension and the construction of a new one. Rebow House is a Grade II* listed building (NHLE no. 1337728) of late 17th-century date with medieval cellar and 18th-century frontage. It is also located within the Roman fortress and Insula 34 of the Roman walled town.

The test-pits were excavated to a depth of 0.8m below current ground level (bcgl) to determine the extent of archaeological remains. Test-pit 1: Modern layers (0-0.26m bcgl) sealed post-medieval deposits likely associated with either the construction or occupation of Rebow House, c 1700 (c 0.260.5m bcgl). Layers of late medieval/early post-medieval make-up/levelling (or possibly accumulation) were present at c 0.5-0.8m bcgl. Test-pit 2: Modern layers sealed a late 17th to early 18th century brick drainage culvert. The culvert was identified at a depth of 0.26m bcgl and extended below the base of the test-pit.