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Colchester Archaeological Trust

CAT Report 1632: summary

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Archaeological evaluation at former Kids and Koffee, 10 Hall Street, Chelmsford, Essex, CM2 0HG: January 2021
by Dr Elliott Hicks
(with contributions from Dr Matthew Loughton, Alec Wade and Laura Pooley)

Date report completed: 23.02.2021
Location: 10 Hall Street, Chelmsford, Essex, CM2 0HG
Map reference(s): TL 7097 0627 (centre)
File size: 5183 kb
Project type: Evaluation
Significance of the results:
Keywords: Kids Koffee Chelmsford

Summary. An archaeological evaluation (four trial-trenches) was carried out at former Kids and Koffee, 10 Hall Street, Chelmsford, Essex, in advance of the construction of two new dwellings. The site lies within the Roman town of Caesaromagus and near to the site of an extra-mural Romano-Celtic temple and a Roman mansio bath house. Excavations revealed the series of Roman metalled surfaces. Situated either side of the presumptive course of the mansio boundary, which is projected to pass through the site, these surfaces may be unrelated, but alternatively, they may represent the remains of a Roman road which extends to form a junction with two Roman roads previously excavated to the north. Two Roman pits were uncovered, one of which produced evidence of domestic activity at the site during this period. A capped well which was probably associated with the nearby row of 19th-century houses was also excavated.